Islam

Islam

Friday, 24 March 2017

Moisture of the vagina

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Question

When I am not menstruating, I notice that my private parts are usually moist with discharge. I asked all my close Muslim friends and I discovered that the majority have the same condition. And after speaking to a Muslim female medic she told me that the female body discharges fluid as a natural way of cleaning, and she also stated this was the natural condition of the majority of female population and not an illness. How does a Muslim woman maintain her state of purity if she invariably has continious discharge?

Answer

The matter of moisture and natural discharge from the vagina has been investigated by Sheikh al-`Uthaymîn, Sheikh Yûsuf al-Qâsim, and Sheikh Ahmad al-Khalîl. Here are their answers:

About vaginal discharge
by Sheikh Muhammad b. Sâlih al-`Uthaymîn

People of knowledge agree that anything which comes out from urinary tract is impure. All other things that come out of the private parts are also generally construed to be impure except for semen.

However, I became dissatisfied with this generalization once I came to know that most women are suffering from permanent discharge. Therefore, we embarked upon further research and further discussions with doctors. From this, we came to our final ruling in this regard, which is as follows:

If such liquid is coming out from the urinary tract, then it is as we said above; impure and invalidates wudû’. On the other hand, if the discharge comes out from the vagina, then it requires a new wudû’, but it is pure and does not require the clothes it moistens to be washed.

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About vaginal discharge
by Sheikh Yûsuf al-Qâsim

What comes from the vagina, emanating from the birth canal, is pure. It requires neither a ritual bath, nor wudû’, nor the washing of affected clothing. The reason for this is the absence of any textual evidence – to the extent of my knowledge – that indicates the impurity of this discharge or that it invalidates a woman’s wudû’.

This is very pertinent, especially since this discharge is something that affects all women, from the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) up to today. If it had been impure or if it had nullified wudû’, this would have been clarified by the Lawgiver.

Also, this discharge is not a waste product – like urine and feces which are the waste products of our food and drink. It is a natural emanation from the womb. This is why it increases with pregnancy, especially during certain months.

This ruling is the final opinion that Sheikh al-`Uthaymîn settled upon at the end of his life.

It was also the view of Ibn Hazm.

And Allah knows best.

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About vaginal discharge
by Sheikh Ahmad al-Khalîl

The moisture which comes out from women’s vagina is a matter of disagreement among scholars. The most correct rule, in my opinion, is that it is pure and does not invalidate wudû’.

-islamtoday.net

Meaning of oath of divorce depends on husband's intention

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Question

My husband told me to place my hand on the Quran and swear that I would not do a certain act (which he told me not to do. I do not want to disclose what it is that he does not want me to do). I told him that I would not do it. He told me to put my hand on the Quran at that very time and say that I would not do it. I asked him why I would have to put my hand on the Quran for that and told him that he did not trust me. Then he said that if I did not place my hand on the Quran before March 22, 2017, I will be divorced. He says that he intended divorce when saying it. He did not mention how I should put my hand on it. He simply said, “Place your hand on the Quran before March 22, 2017, or you will be divorced.” My question is: will my placing my hand be acceptable if I do not perform ablution and spread a single or double layer of cloth on the Quran and then place my hand on it without directly touching it? Will this be ok in order to fulfil the condition and not be divorced coming March 22, 2017? Or do I have to place my hand without the piece of cloth in between my hand and the Quran given that he said that it was a condition that I place my hand on it? Even if there is no hardship in performing ablution nor any excuse for not doing so, is it still ok to place my hand on the Quran with a piece of cloth and without ablution and have the condition fulfilled even though he said that I am to place my hand on the Quran? And if I did not perform ablution and placed my hand directly on the Quran without a piece of cloth, will the condition have been fulfilled? Please answer these queries. Thank you.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
With regard to what is related to fulfilling the oath of your husband in this matter, then this depends on his intention by telling you to put your hand on the Quran. If he intended that you place your hand directly on the Quran, then his oath can only be fulfilled by placing your hand directly on the Quran, but if he intended that you put your hand on the Quran, even if indirectly, then his oath is fulfilled by putting your hand on the Quran even by placing a cloth between your hand and the Quran.
Ibn Qudaamah, may Allah have mercy on him, said, “In brief, the oath depends on the intention of the person who made it; so if he intended with his oath what it may possibly be understood to mean, then his oath is understood to mean it whether what he intended corresponds to the apparent meaning of the words that he used or not...
As regards the ruling on putting the hand on the Quran for a person who is not in a state of ablution, then the matter is flexible and you can act according to the view of those who say that it is permissible to do that with a barrier, such as cloth or the like, even if performing ablution is not difficult for you.
Allah knows best.
-islamweb.net

Thursday, 23 March 2017

Abandoning university because of the presence of the opposite sex

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Question

I am a young Muslim who was born and grew up in the West. I'm now in College because my father really wants me to go to. Women outnumber men at this college and they dress quite provocatively. Last year, I secretly dropped out twice because the temptation was too much for me. After that, I decided that I would not go back. However, my father insists that I go to college. Do I have to go? I have many friends who did not go to college or university and they are doing ok!

Answer

We would like to applaud you for your concern to maintain your religion and adhere to Allah’s commands. 

We advise you not to leave studying for the reasons you have said, but to choose a more conservative college with fewer temptations. Even if all colleges availible to you are as you said, you should go ahead and continue your studies because it is the only way Muslims can take to gain knowledge when studying in western countries. The Muslim should go to college and benefit from what is good and leave what is bad. Allah says: “So fear Allah as much as you can”.

Think of something that can save you from this atmosphere. Get married if you can. Concentrate on performing acts of worship, such as prayer. This will strengthen you to avoid forbidden things. Keep the company of pious people who can help you to do good things. Concentrate on your studies in order to finish them as soon as possible. I know some pious people who went through the same trials and overcame them while maintaining their chastity and modesty. 

You have to take care of your parents and seek their pleasure, as they, by way of your relationship to them, could be a cause of you going to Paradise or to Hell. 

And Allah knows best.

-islamtoday.net

Wednesday, 22 March 2017

Ruling on covering up for someone who committed sin

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QUESTION :

What is the ruling on one who finds out that someone is persisting in committing a sin, and he covers up for him and is content just to advise him in the hope that he will be guided aright? Is he sinning because he has not informed the relevant authorities about him?
ANSWER :
Praise be to Allah
It is permissible to cover up for him if he is not one of those who take the matter of sin lightly and he is not known to commit a lot of sins or to commit prohibited actions. In this case, he should advise him, tell him to fear Allah and warn him against doing it again.
But if he is a person who regularly commits sin and evil deeds, then the one who finds out about it will not have discharged his duty until he refers the matter to someone who can punish him in a way that will deter him from persisting in it.
If the sin affects the rights of another person, such as if he sees him stealing from someone’s house or shop, or he sees him committing adultery with the wife of So and so, then it is not permissible for him to cover up for him, because that is a transgression against the rights of another person, it affects that person’s marriage and is a betrayal of another Muslim. Similarly, if he finds out that he killed or injured a Muslim, he should not cover up for him and cause the rights of a fellow Muslim to be neglected; rather he should testify against him to the relevant authorities, so that matter may be dealt with. And Allah knows best. End quote.
Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn Jibreen (may Allah preserve him).
-islamqa.info

Deterring people from backbiting (Gheebah)


Definition of Gheebah:
When the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was asked about backbiting, he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )answered: “To mention your brother in a manner which he dislikes”. Then he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) was asked, “What if my brother actually has (this failing) that I made mention of?” The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “If (that failing) is actually found in your brother, you in fact backbit him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.” [Muslim]
Backbiting refers to a Muslim mentioning his Muslim brother in a manner that the latter dislikes, whether by referring to a defect in his body, or in his lineage, or in his morality. The meaning of insulting is included in backbiting, whether it is in the form of words, gestures, or writing.
Ruling of Gheebah:
Backbiting is forbidden in the Noble Quran and the Sunnah. The person who commits it is given the similitude of a person who eats the flesh of his dead brother. Allah Says (what means): “…And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it…” [Quran 49: 12]

To highlight the sanctity of the Muslim, the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )said in his sermon during the Farewell Pilgrimage: "…Your blood, your wealth and your honor are sacred, as this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this land of yours, are sacred…?" [Ahmad and Muslim] This firmly proves how far beyond limits one transgresses when he backbites his fellow Muslim

Let us think deeply about this, and regard the orders of Allah and His Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) with the awe that they deserve. In the sight of Allah, violating the rights of your brother by backbiting is equivalent to violating the sanctity of the Day of Sacrifice, in the month of Thul-Hijjah, in Mina. Do we really realize the enormity of this violation of a Muslim's honor?
Islamic perception of Gheebah:
Al-Baraa' Ibn 'Aazib  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him narrated that the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )said: "There are seventy-two degrees of Ribaa (usury), the least of which is equivalent to committing adultery with one's own mother. The worst of them (the seventy two degrees) is a man's insulting his brother's honor (i.e. by backbiting)." [Ibn Jaroot]
`Aa’ishah  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  her said: “I said to the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ): 'It's bad enough that Safiyyah is such and such. (Some of narrators said: she is short).' He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "You have said a word which, if it could be mixed with the water of the sea, it would have been… (i.e., the enormity of it is such that, if it were mixed with the vast water of the sea, it would spoil it.)"  [Abu Dawood]

A word which, if it could be mixed with the water of the sea, it would have been…! One word alone could do this, and have such a far-reaching impact! So what do you think of the backbiting people of today, whose tongues never cease to wag? What vast oceans could be tainted and corrupted by their words? How many quiet lives are disrupted by them?

'Amr Ibn Shu`ayb narrated from his father from his grandfather  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  them: (the people) mentioned a man to the Messenger of Allah  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )saying: "He doesn't eat until he is fed and he doesn't visit anybody until they have visited him first." The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "You have backbit him." They said: "O Messenger of Allah! We have mentioned about him something which is true." He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "It is bad enough that you have mentioned something about your brother which is true."[Al-Asbahani]

We should all ask ourselves: who among us is infallible? Who among us is free from errors, faults and sins? Who among us would be content to have everything about him, good and bad, spoken of by others? Any one of us becomes furious if he hears someone hinting something about him; so what would you do if it was said clearly and in detail, let alone behind your back?

'Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood  may  Allah  be  pleased  with  him said: “We were with the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention )when a man got up and left, whereupon another man immediately started backbiting him. The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "Clean the bits of meat from between your teeth!" The man asked: "What should I clean from between my teeth? I haven't eaten any meat!" He  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: "You have eaten the flesh of your brother!"  [At-Tabarani]

This is the state of our community nowadays: any one of us may commit the sin of backbiting, but then will say: I didn't backbite, I didn't eat flesh, I haven't done anything! Why?

Because we have allowed our tongues to become accustomed to speaking this way, without knowing what backbiting is. Let us learn about our religion. Let us learn about what is lawful and unlawful - as much as we can - and distinguish between the speech which is lawful and the speech which is not.
The evil consequence of Gheebah:
Due to its negative impact on individuals and communities alike, the Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) frequently made mention of backbiting, and greatly warned against it.
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “O you who have believed (only) with their tongues while (true) belief has not visited their hearts! Do not backbite Muslims nor pursue their defects (and faults), otherwise Allah will pursue your faults, and whomever Allah pursues his defects (and faults) He disgraces him even though inside his house.” [Ibn Abu Ad-Dunya]
The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) showed us the safe way of freeing ourselves from the evil consequence of backbiting others when he  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allah exalt his mention ) said: “Whoever has wronged his brother with regard to wealth or honor, should ask for his pardon (before his death), before he will pay for it (in the Hereafter) when he will have neither a Dinaar nor a Dirham (gold and silver currencies). (He should secure pardon in this life) before some of his good deeds are taken and paid to this (his brother), or (if he has no good deeds) some of the bad deeds of this (his brother) will be taken (from the person he wronged) and will be loaded on him.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]  - islamweb.net

Tuesday, 21 March 2017

Divorcing wife without directly telling her

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Question

Assalaamualaikum. My parents married me to my cousin eight years ago, but the marriage was never consummated. Now he is interested in another girl. My cousin told everyone in my family that he has divorced me. He admitted in front of all family members that he has done all that, but I did not see any paper of divorce and he did not pronounce the divorce in front of me. I want to know, if a man admits this in front of others but does not say these words in front of his wife, has divorce taken place then or not? Please inform me of what Islam says about this.

Answer

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) is His slave and Messenger.
The scholars clarified the conditions under which divorce takes place, whether those are related to the husband issuing divorce, the divorced woman, or the wording. However, these conditions do not include the wife hearing her husband uttering divorce or knowing about it [divorce].
Rather, divorce takes place as soon as the husband issues it. According to the view of the majority of the scholars, it is recommended for the husband to have witnesses; some jurists even conditioned having witnesses for the benefit of protecting the rights and other benefits.
The fatwa of the Standing Committee for Issuing Fataawa reads, “...You (the husband) must announce your divorce to your wife, either by officially writing it or by making it known among the people; and you must have witnesses for it if you want to divorce her, because this leads to Islamic rulings and rights, and so that your wife would know her rights and obligations after divorce...
Therefore, the matter should not be left suspended like this. So if your husband has actually divorced you, then he should give you the divorce paper so that you can marry someone else. If he refuses to do so, then you should seek the help of rational people or take the matter to an Islamic court, if necessary.
Allah knows best.
-islamweb.net

Marrying someone's adopted son – the question of lineage

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Question

What is the ruling regarding the marriage between a woman of known parentage and a man who is someone's adopted child? Does the woman have a right to know his true lineage? If his true lineage comes to light only after the marriage and turns out to be inferior to her own, does she have a right to demand a divorce on those grounds?

Answer

An adopted child is usually of unknown parentage. If a woman marries a man who is someone's adopted child, the marriage is valid as long as the conditions of the contract are valid. 

As for his being her equal in lineage or of better pedigree than her, this is not necessary. The correct view among Islamic scholars is that it is not a consideration for marriage in Islam that the man enjoys an equal or superior lineage to the woman. 

This is because Allah says: “O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that ye may know each other (not that ye may despise (each other). Verily the most honored of you in the sight of Allah is (he who is) the most righteous of you. And Allah has full knowledge and is well acquainted (with all things). [Sûrah al-Hujurât: 13] 

Also, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “O people! Your Lord is One. Also, your first father is one. There is no preference for Arabs over non-Arabs, nor white people over black people. (Preference is only) by piety.” [Sahîh Muslim

Consequently, if the woman entered into the marriage knowing that her husband is an adopted child, she cannot later on use her husband's uncertain or inferior lineage as a basis to demand a divorce. 

The situation is different if the man had deceived her at the time of marriage by deliberately and falsely representing himself as belonging to a particular lineage which is not truly his own. This might be by his concealing the fact that he is adopted and openly professing a superior lineage. In this case, the deception can be grounds for her demanding a divorce. 

However, if the issue of his parentage simply never came up during the time of courtship and marriage discussions, then she cannot use his adopted status as grounds for divorce later on. 

This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Any woman who asks her husband for a divorce without justification will be forbidden from the scent of Paradise.” [Musnad Ahmad (5/382) and Sunan Abî Dâwûd (1/216)] 

And Allah knows best.

-islamtoday.net